What is hemoglobin
If you want to know what hemoglobin is, then this note is for you. Hemoglobin (from Greek haima meaning blood and Latin globus meaning ball) is a protein found in the blood of all animals that have a circulatory system. Its main property is that it transports oxygen to the tissues of the body. We offer you interesting medical facts about hemoglobin.
Surely many readers know that 55 percent of the blood is plasma. The remaining 45 are blood cells, among which the dominant position is occupied by red blood cells. These are red blood cells, which are 95% hemoglobin.
So, hemoglobin performs the function of an oxygen postman, taking the “goods” in the lungs, and carrying it through the cells of a living being. However, back to the lungs, he returns not “empty”, but taking carbon dioxide with him.
Hemoglobin is red, which makes the blood appear red.
This is what hemoglobin looks like under a microscope
If the hemoglobin level in a man is 130-160 grams / liter, and in a woman 120-150 g / l, then this is considered the norm. An interesting fact is that in pregnant women, a natural dilution of the blood occurs, and hemoglobin becomes less.
It is for this reason that gynecologists carefully monitor the state of this indicator in expectant mothers. If the lack of this protein becomes critical, various medications are prescribed.
For those who often have low hemoglobin, you should regularly be in the fresh air, drink fresh juices (especially pomegranate), eat eggs, fish and dairy products in reasonable measures.
By the way, reduced hemoglobin in humans is called anemia (from the Greek anemia).
It will be useful for an inquisitive reader who now knows what hemoglobin is to read interesting facts about blood.
Surely you know well what beriberi is, but for some it will be a revelation. So, beriberi is a disease that occurs due to the fact that certain, vital vitamins do not enter the body for a long time.
For example, if you rarely eat foods with vitamin C, there is a potential risk of getting scurvy. Lack of vitamin A – is fraught with the occurrence of night blindness, vitamin D – rickets. An interesting fact is that beriberi is not always immediately recognized as a disease, so for the benefit of readers, we decided to include this medical term in this section.
If you feel that you have a systematic manifestation of discomfort or something like that, check your diet and try to find out if there is a place for beriberi. Do not confuse the term “avitaminosis” with hypovitaminosis (vitamin deficiency).